FZ Wafer | 10 Fun Facts About Silicon Wafers


May 22, 2018

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Float-zone (or FZ) silicon is very pure silicon obtained by vertical zone melting. It is a high-purity alternative to crystals grown by the Czochralski process. The FZ wafer is typically used for power devices and detector applications. Let’s take a look at some other fun facts about silicon wafers.

Facts About Silicon Wafers

  1. Water is the key component of manufacturing Silicon wafers.
  2. A large production facility uses up to 4.8 million of gallons of water every day to supply Silicon wafers for manufacturing needs and supply.
  3. Industries spend approximately $1 billion on water to supply for silicon wafers.
  4. Silicon is used in semiconductor wafers in technologies across the globe because it is the most durable and functions in extreme temperatures.
  5. The United States leads the Silicon wafer market share.
  6. The U.S. makes up 51% of the total worldwide wafer market.
  7. Silicon wafers come in various varieties in diameters.
  8. The very first semiconductor wafer, manufactured in the U.S. in 1960, had a diameter of a mere 1 inch.
  9. Semiconductors don’t only rely on silicon. They also include germanium, indium phosphide, sapphire, and quartz.
  10. Silicon, the element semiconductor wafers are made of, was discovered by Jacob Berzelius, a Swedish chemist, in 1824, by applying heat in potassium chips that are contained in silica flasks and carefully rinsing away residual by-products.

Are You Looking for an FZ Wafer?

At Wafer World, we offer all types of silicon wafers, including FZ wafers. Contact us today to learn more about the wafers that we offer for your next project.

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